Customs & Trade Law News

July 10, 2019: DOC: Quartz ADCVD Order

July 8, 2019: USTR: Round 6 of LIST 1 exclusions announced.

July 3, 2019: DOC: Expedited Review exempts 5 companies from SWL Order.

July 1, 2019: AAEI Conf.: CBP admits to deluge of tariff classification requests.

July 1, 2019: In month 7 of the year, ITC published revision 8.

July 1, 2019: Trump-Xi meet at the G20 and agree to re-open trade talks. US companies will be allowed to continue trading with Huawei (overturning the Commerce Dept. ban from May based on national security concerns). Trump then visits Chairman Kim and crosses the demilitarized zone into N. Korea. Meanwhile, protesters in HK storm and occupy the Legislature building.

June 27, 2019: Customs: John P. Sanders, has served as acting commissioner of Customs and Border Protection for 2.5 months, but has stated his last day will be July 5.  The President is expected to name Mr. Mark Morgan, as the new acting CBP commissioner.

(Sanders' predecessor, acting Homeland Security Secretary Kevin McAleenan has been accused of leaking plans for ICE raids last week and expressing his opposition, thus prompting the President to step in to hold the ICE raids pending Democratic lawmakers reforming our immigration laws.)

June 26, 2019: WSJ: Article: American Tariffs on China Are Being Blunted by Trade Cheats

June 25, 2019: WSJ: Article: American Tech Companies Find Ways Around Huawei Ban

June 21, 2019: NRF testimony at the USTR re: LIST 4.

June 20, 2019: USTR: LIST 3 exclusions process announcement. Portal opens June 30. Submission deadline: September 30, 2019. Our newsletter.

June 19, 2019: USTR: FAQ states the USTR "will issue guidance -- in advance of the date of the expiration of exclusions -- on whether renewals are possible."

June 19, 2019: USTR & Treasury Secretary to meet China's team in Japan before Trump- Xi G-20 summit meeting.

June 12, 2019: NRF: National Retail Federation-commissions a Trade Partnership Worldwide Study on LIST 4 impact.

June 12, 2019: Members of Congress suggest USTR should allow extensions on 301 exclusions already granted in LIST 1.

June 11, 2019: ITC: Affirmative Injury Determination - but with a Negative Vote on Critical Circumstances.

June 10, 2019: CSMS# 19-000296 - UPDATE: Section 301 (Tranche 3) Duties:Extension to June 15, 2019

June 10, 2019: Guidance: premarket tobacco product applications for electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS).

June 8, 2019: State Department: US-Mexico Joint Declaration (averting Trump tariffs).

June 8, 2019: DOC: Preliminary anti-circumvention decision on hardwood plywood from China (A-570-051/C-570-052). A certification requirement to be created for importers and exporters of plywood from China. Additional reading: Issues memo.

June 6, 2019: DOJ: Criminal/Civil charges announced against CEO of Apparel company for Customs Fraud

June 6, 2019: CBP: CSMS# 19-000289: Fifth Round of Products Excluded from Section 301 Duties (Tranche 1)

June 4, 2019: WTO Annual Report. Video Summary.

June 4, 2019: Canada’s appeal in the WTO Softwood Lumber dispute case.

May 31, 2019: POTUS clarifies that MX duties will escalate each month and reach 25% (if not averted).

May 31, 2019: USTR: Arrival deadline (List 3 10% Section 301 Tariffs) will be extended to June 15. would change the List 3 arrival date required for qualification at the 10% rate to June 15, 2019. ((Per CSMS #19-000274 brokers might wish to delay entry filing (under the 10-day filing rule) until CBP updates ACE to provide for this extended date.))

May 31, 2019: India terminated from June 5.

May 31, 2019: DOC: Antidumping  and  countervailing duty investigations on quartz surface products from India (A-533-889/C-533-890), and Turkey (A-489-837/C-489-838).

May 30, 2019: POTUS threatens 5% duties on Mexico on the 10th of June.

May 28, 2019: DOC: NPRM: Proposal for Countervailing Duties against Currency Devaluation

May 22, 2019: CSMS #19-000260: Section 301 Products Excluded from Duties - Liquidation Extension Request.

May 20, 2019: CSMS #19-000257: UPDATE: Decrease in Duty on Imports of Steel Under Section 232 (Republic of Turkey) .

May 20, 2019: Dist. Ct. NM: U.S. v. Sterling Islands, No. CR 18-4176 JB: Violation of a violation of any government regulation affecting imports – including Origin marking – constitutes a criminal violation of 18 U.S.C. § 545.

May 19, 2019: CSMS #19-000252: Termination of Section 232 Duty For Steel and Aluminum Products of Canada and MX

May 17, 2019: FDA: FSMA Technical Assistance Network (TAN) POPULAR TOPICS (including updates as to produce safety regulations).

May 13, 2019: USTR: LIST 4 tariffs announced. See our page on the 301 tariffs.

May 13, 2019: False Claims Act Settlement of $610,000 for evasion of customs duties that would have been paid by U.S. customers by breaking up single shipments into multiple shipments of lesser value in order to avoid duties. United States ex rel. Vale v. Selective Marketplace Ltd. et al., Civil No. 2:17-cv-380-LEW (D. Me.).

May 12, 2019: China’s retaliation announcement against the United States. Official lists in Mandarin: List 1: 2,500 products. List 2: 1,000+ products.

May 9 & 10, 2019: CBP: CSMS instructions for LIST 3 declarations given increase to 25%.

May 8, 2019: USTR: LIST 3 increase announcement.

May 6, 2019: POTUS: Failed trade negotiations. LIST 3 to increase to 25%. LIST 4 to be readied at 25%.

May 5, 2019: Canada Customs: Border search policy customs will attempt to crack devices containing privileged information. Non-citizen refusal to open devices may result in a refusal of admission at the border.

May 4, 2019: USTR: LIST 3 exclusions process to open.

May 2, 2019: OFAC: Guidance: A Framework for OFAC Compliance Commitments

May 1, 2019: CBP: Strategy plan 2020- 2025.

April 30, 2019: Mnuchin interview indicates in China trade deal should either wrap up or be abandoned.

April 29, 2019: USMCA crystallizing as an issue for the 2020 election. Senator Grassly’s WSJ editorial states that USMCA is dead in the Senate unless sec. 232 tariff are removed; meanwhile, House Speaker Pelosi will keep it from a vote until Mexico implements exiting labor reforms, and new provisions are added.

April 29, 2019: CAFC: Rubies Costume: Court of Appeal affirms CIT decision on Santa Suits.

April 27, 2019: April 27, 2019: California Court of Appeal Decision affirms Customs Brokers’ Terms and Conditions.

April 25, 2019: Sen. Grassly states 301 tariffs could be removed in stages by both countries. Trade negotiations continue: April 30 (Beijing) and May 8 (Washington DC).

April 22, 2019: CIT: US v. Titan Metals: Penalties against first time importer who evaded ADCVD.

April 19, 2019: Wooden Cabinets and Vanities from China: ITC’s Preliminary affirmative injury determination.

April 19, 2019: CBP: CSMS #19-000212: Submitting Imports of Third Group of Products Excluded from Section 301 Duties.

April 18, 2019: USTR: 3rd Tranche of Product Exclusions: China's Acts, Policies, and Practices Related to Technology Transfer, Intellectual Property, and Innovation

April 18, 2019: Drawback: National Association of Manufactures lawsuit filed at the CIT against CBP regulations preventing drawback on goods subject to excise taxes.

April 18, 2019: USMCA: ITC Report on economic impact of the USMCA. USTR Report on Auto impact.

April 17, 2019: FTC: Made in USA Final Consent settlement announcement on “Made in USA” claims against imported hockey pucks.

April 17, 2019: CBP: Announces Entry Type 86 for low-value section 321 shipment at the NCBFFA conference. POA requirements under a type 86 entry are presently uncertain.

April 17, 2019: Statement by FTC Commissioner Rebecca Kelly Slaughter on Sandpiper/PiperGear and Patriot Puck consent orders for “Made in USA” claims: “…I am persuaded that, for brazenly deceptive representations that a wholly imported product is “Made in U.S.A.,” consent orders without disgorgement or admissions fail to exact a meaningful cost from the lawbreaking company and its executives sufficient for effective general deterrence.”

April 10, 2019: Canadian SWL: WTO: Publication of DS534: United States — Anti-Dumping Measures Applying Differential Pricing Methodology to Softwood Lumber from Canada.

April 9, 2019: DOJ: Settlement announced in the Univar evasion case for $62.5 million.

April 10, 2019: CNBC: Treasury Secretary Mnuchin says US and China have agreed on the trade deal enforcement mechanism. “…if we can complete this deal it will be the most significant economic development… in 40 years… We’ve pretty much agreed on an enforcement mechanism. We’ve agreed that both sides will establish enforcement offices that will deal with the ongoing matters. This is something both sides are taking very seriously… I’m not going to comment on the specifics of the tariff and what would stay and what would go away… ”

April 8, 2019: USTR: Proposal for retaliatory tariffs on EU products (due to EU aircraft subsidies held illegal WTO). USTR’s preliminary list of impacted products.

April 8, 2019: Apparel: CBP NPRM: 50/50 textile blends: classification based on the fiber that is last in numerical order per GRI 3(c).

April 5, 2019: USTR: Report due to President by Oct. 30 to evaluate current policies/practices and propose improvements that counter counterfeit imports.

April 4, 2019: POTUS: Mexico border crisis: “Mexico understands that we’re going to close the border or I’m going to tariff the cars. I’ll do one or the other. And probably start off with the tariffs. That will be a very powerful incentive. . . If the drugs don’t stop—Mexico can stop them if they want—we’re going to tariff the cars. The cars are very big. And if that doesn’t work, we’re going to close the border. But I think that’ll work. So it’s massive numbers of dollars… You know I will do it. I don’t play games. I’ll do it. We’re going to give them a one-year warning. And if the drugs don’t stop, or largely stop, we’re going to put tariffs on Mexico and products, in particular cars. The whole ballgame is cars. It’s the big ballgame. With many countries, it’s cars. And if that doesn’t stop the drugs, we close the border.” ((Also see the comments of CBP Commissioner McAleenan from March 27)).

April 4, 2019: Solar: ITC: 337 Investigation of solar cell imports: Notice of investigation. <Factsheet>.

April 3, 2019: CBP: Border wait times

April 3, 2019: White House: Memorandum on Combating Trafficking in Counterfeit and Pirated Goods. Article summary.

April 3, 2019: Navarro: WSJ Op-Ed: Trump Has a Plan to Stop Fake Goods.

April 2, 2019: CBP: Instructions for CBMA (Craft Beverage Modernization and Tax Reform Act of 2017) Duty Refund claims.

April 2, 2019: USDA: Translation of China’s Food Safety standard: GAIN Report Number:CH 19010: Fresh and Frozen Livestock and Poultry Products.

April 1, 2019: USTR: Report on foreign trade restrictions.

March 29, 2019: DOJ: Executives (Chu and Loh) indicted by DOJ for intentionally failing to report CPSC violations (humidifiers).

March 27, 2019: CBP Commissioner on Border Crisis

March 27, 2019 : Export Enforcement: OFAC announced in which a Chinese subsidiary caused “23 shipments of power tools and spare parts to Iran with a total value of more than $3.2 million” in a scheme that involved “using six trading companies (4 United Arab Emirates companies and 2 Chinese companies) and fake bills of lading with incorrect ports of discharge and places of delivery.” Settlement here.

March 26, 2019: Xinhua: Opening up "a distinctive symbol" of China today: vice premier

March 25, 2019: USTR: Petition Deadline: GSP Product/Country Review (April 18, 2019).

March 22, 2019: CBP: CSMS #19-000155: Submitting Imports of Second Group of Products Excluded from Section 301 Duties.

March 21, 2019: USTR: Second list of LIST 1 section 301 exclusions.

March 21, 2019: EPA: Initiation of Prioritization of 40 chemicals under the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA).

March 20, 2019: POTUS: President Trump states that the agreement being negotiated with China would not end section 301 tariffs, those tariffs will stay in place for a “substantial period of time... because we have to make sure that if we do the deal with China, that China lives by the deal.”

March 19, 2019: CBP: EAPA investigation into Glycine ADCVD evasion.

March 18, 2019: What next?: Pork smuggling.

March 14, 2019: Brexit: NYT article: UK situation uncertain.

March 12, 2019: ACE: Center Unique Identifier (Center ID) announced to identify an accounts’ assigned Center of Excellence and Expertise (Center).

March 8, 2019: BIS: Comments period opens in 232 investigation of titanium sponge.

March 6, 2019: PRC: Movement to reform Chinese law by prohibiting PRC government agencies from making demands on U.S. companies to disclose underlying technologies.

March 5, 2019: Federal Register: USTR Suspends LIST 3 increase “until further notice.”

March 5, 2019: WSJ article: All tariffs could come off. ((but will they?)).

March 4, 2019: USTR: Indian and Turkey to be terminated from GSP after 60 days.

March 1, 2019: LIST 1 approval/denial ratio is now 3,300 approved to 4,500 denied. This translates to a 42% rate of approval.

February 27, 2019: Congress: Testimony of USTR, Robert Lighthizer.

February 26, 2019: CRS Report on NAFTA/USMCA issues, including withdrawal.

February 21, 2019: Senator Grassly quoted for the proposition that neither Mexico nor Canada will ratify USMCA if section 232 tariffs are in place.

February 20, 2019: Fortune: Brexit tearing UK political parties apart.

February 18, 2019: House: Explanatory Statement, Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2019, page 38. (requiring USTR to open an exclusion process for LIST 3).

February 15, 2019: Congress passed appropriations for the remaining seven appropriations bills for fiscal year 2019, and President Trump has signed the omnibus prior to expiry of the CR.

February 12, 2019: Census: Concordance tables updated: 2019 Schedule B and HTS tables. HTS codes not valid for AES.

February 10, 2019: United Nations: UN Conference on Trade and Development Report.

February 9, 2019: BIS and Census raised civil penalty amounts for export control and trade statistics violations.

February 2019: COAC: IPR recommendations.

February 8, 2019: A new 5106 form (to possibly be released in March) might require enhanced information on the importing company, including banking information, related entities and personal identifying information for corporate officers.

February 8, 2019: Final AD Order on Common Alloy Aluminum Sheet from China.

February 8, 2019: CBP: CSMS #19-000052: Submitting Imports of Products Excluded from Section 301 Duties.

February 7, 2019: Results of Expedited Reviews in Softwood Lumber from Canada.

February 6, 2019: Final CVD Order on Common Alloy Aluminum Sheet from China.

February 6, 2019: After civil prosecution under the FCA in the Western District of Texas, the owners of Blue Furniture are now also facing criminal charges in the US District for South Carolina.

February 5, 2019: State of the Union: Trump holds Xi to deliver “structural change,” hints to NYTimes that tariffs will stay in place regardless.

February 1, 2019: DOJ: Announcement that Honda Aircraft alleged violated the Immigration and Nationality Act’s anti-discrimination provision (8 U.S.C. § 1324b) by publishing job announcements stating that only U.S. citizens or lawful permanent residents would be considered for employment in roles involving technical data and technology subject to the International Traffic in Arms Regulations (“ITAR”) or the Export Administration Regulations (“EAR”). Case settlement.

January 31, 2019: DOJ: Enforcement against cosmetics importer regarding eyelash kits tied to North Korea. Due to a prompt voluntary self disclosure and remedial actions, the settlement penalty was reduced from a maximum $40 million, to approximately $1 million. This represents a first public enforcement fine for a violation of the Countering America's Adversaries Through Sanctions Act (CAATSA), as it applies to North Korean labor under the North Korean Sanctions Regulations (NKSR). 

January 30, 2019: CBP: Budget dispute does not impact transition to mandatory ACE drawback as planned, as of Feb. 24 all drawback claims must be filed electronically in ACE.

January 30, 2019: CBP: CSMS CSMS# 19-000020: Sect. 201, 232, and 301 Reports Now Available in ACE to Importers and Brokers.

January 29, 2019: USTR: Legal changes needed to implement USMCA.

January 29, 2019: New Democrat Coalition: noncommittal on USMCA.

January 19, 2018: CBP: In-bond and ISF-5 penalty enforcement postponed until at least after March 6 (due to government shutdown).

January 14, 2019: CIT: Commerce ordered to provided additional analysis in the analysis related to the “finished goods” scope exclusion in Whirlpool, and Meridian.

January 14, 2019: CBP extends restrictions on importations of archeological items from Bulgaria and China.

January 11, 2019: USTR: EU FTA negotiating objectives.

December 20, 2018: Jana Brands v. C.H. Robinson & Ryan: US District Court holds that despite the ICCTA, Customs brokers can be sued under state law causes of action - such as breach of contract.

December 19, 2018: NYT: China’s Detention Camps for Muslims Turn to Forced Labor

December 16, 2018: FDA: Full FSVP enforcement to begin in FY 19.

December 13, 2018: DOJ: Dietary supplement ingredient importers arrested in connection with large-scale smuggling and money laundering scheme.

December 5, 2018: CBP: H290002: CHBs can’t pay unlicensed sales people on a commission basis.

December 3, 2018: Commerce: Opportunity to request ADCVD administrative reviews for 11 products, including wooden flooring.

December 3, 2018: OIG: Report on CBP’s electronic searches at the border.

December 3, 2018: CBP: CSMS #18-000708: Importer’s can claim favorable duties for 12%-14% AVB wines.

December 1, 2018: G20: Trump and Xi reach framework for negotiation. LIST 3 increase from 10% to 25% is delayed.

December 1, 2018: Trump to terminate NAFTA to force the 2019 passage of USMCA.

November 30, 2018: EU: New framework for foreign direct investments (following on US revisions to CFIUS).

November 30, 2018: Canada and Mexico sign the USMCA during the G20.

November 26, 2018: GOB: Mexico and Canada ready to sign USMCA at the G20 summit.

November 24, 2018: Inside US Trade reports that USTR is considering 301 investigations against unfair Chinese labor practices. (N.B.: In 2004 and 2006, the AFL-CIO had filed 301 petitions on this subject.)

November 21, 2018: CBP: LBG Guidance on Annual User Fees for Permits (due January 25, 2019).

November 21, 2018: USTR: 53 page report update to the 301 investigation – in advance of the US-China negotiations.

November 21. 2018: Am. Shipper article: Tariffs complicate USMCA prospects

November 20, 2018: EU/UK: Potential Brexit agreement (Full version 585 pages)(BBC Summary). More problems ahead: (Blair interview)(MP reactions).

November 20, 2018: Customs: EAPA Notice of Investigation (7252): Plywood transshipment issues.

Nov. 15, 2018 : WSJ article: Trump Forged His Ideas on Trade in the 1980s—and Never Deviated

November 14, 2018: U.S.-CHINA Economic and Security Review Commission: Issues its 2018 Annual Report with the recommendation that the USTR bring, “in coordination with U.S. allies and partners, a ‘non-violation nullification or impairment’ case—alongside violations of specific commitments—against China at the World Trade Organization under Article 23(b) of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade.”

November 14, 2018: Conservative groups urge Trump/Jinpeng to end trade war.

November 14, 2018: UK: Briexit decision reached.

November 14, 2018: DOC: Final rates for Aluminum Sheet (AD) (CV)

November 13, 2018: CBP: 232 exclusion entry filing guidance: CSMS #18-000671

November 9, 2018: NY/NJ 19-00-NWK Pipeline: Validating POAs.

November 5, 2018: NYT: Justice Department Charges Chinese Company With Espionage.

November 2, 2018: DOJ: Conviction for counterfeit sales (Nike shoes, UGG boots and NFL jerseys) and identity fraud results in 30 month prison sentence.

October 30, 2018: American Shipper article: U.S. gets spotlight at WTO dispute meeting

October 29, 2018: Commerce: Amended results of CV review.

October 25, 2018: USTR: Solicitation for negotiating objectives in U.S.-Japan FTA.

October 24, 2018: CBP: Response to the Senate Committee on Finance, re: CBP iniatives.

October 19, 2018: Georgia court holds that an importer may not sue a Customshouse broker via tort claims, since IOR’s remedy is limited to the contractual remedies prescribed by the terms & conditions of the POA.

October 18, 2018: Commerce: Scope and deadlines in Al Wire and Cable (China) investigation: (AD) (CVD).

October 17, 2018: DOC: ADCVD Petitions filed against Polyester Textured Yarn from China.

October 17, 2018: Whitehouse: US withdrawal from universal Postal Union.

October 16, 2018: DOC: Deacero found to be circumventing AD Order on Wire Rod (Mexican) because as the wire was merely “altered in form or appearance in minor respects”.

October 16, 2018: DOC initiation of CVD investigation of Aluminum Wire and Cable (China).

October 16, 2018: ITA: Notice of CAFC decision in to exclude FuFeng from Xanthan Gum Order.

October 16, 2018: USTR: Notification to Congress re: intent to negotiate U.S. - Japan Free Trade Agreement. Similar notifications were also issued as to Europe and the UK.

October 15, 2018: DHS: Annual regulatory agenda.

October 10, 2018: Congressional-Executive Commission on China: Annual Report.

October 8, 2018: WSJ: Article: Plywood fraud

October 1, 2018: USTR: Canada Joins the US-Mexico Agreement. Text of the USMCA released.

September 26, 2018: USTR: US and Korea amend KORUS.

September 26, 2018: Whitehouse: Joint statement of US and Japan on FTA.

September 22, 2018: DOC: Anti-circumvention inquiry re: pine face/back plywood.

September, 21, 2018: CBP: CSMS #18-000554: Section 301 Trade Remedies Assessed on China; 3rd List of Products Subject to 301.

September 20, 2018: USTR: Federal Register publication of LIST 3 duties: effective 9/24.

September 19, 2018: USTR: Exclusion of certain products from Solar Safeguards.

September 19, 2018: California: Gov. Brown signs amendment to CA’s slack fill laws.

September 18, 2018: USTR: Exclusion process for LIST 2. Deadline: December 18, 2018.

September 17, 2018: Whitehouse: Announces duties against $200 Billion in Chinese Goods (LIST 3). Effective date: September 24, 2018.

September 17, 2018: Miscellaneous Tariff Bill Act (H.R. 4318) signed into law.

September 10, 2018: NYT: U.S. Weighs Sanctions Against Chinese Officials Over Muslim Detention Camps

September 10, 2018: PTO: In re Forney Industries, Inc., Serial No. 86269096 decision as the distinctiveness (secondary meaning) in color trademark registration.

September 5, 2018: Congress: House approves Senate version of the Miscellaneous Tariff Bill (H.R. 4318). Veto or signature?

August 24, 2018:  USTR solicits public comment on China's compliance with WTO standards. 

August 21, 2018:  CBP: CSMS #18-000493: Update re: Section 301 Trade Remedies procedures.

August 20, 2018: American Association of Port Authorities (AAPA): Testimony in opposition to 301 tariffs.

August 19, 2018: ITC: publishes Year in Trade Report for 2017.

August 16, 2018: CBP: Announcement of "Safeguard" Informed Compliance publication to come at 2018 Trade Symposium in Atlanta.

August 15, 2018: USTR announces LIST 2 section 301 duties will be effective as of August 23, 2018.

August 15, 2018: Rumors abound possible LIST 4 action coming in advance or on heels of talks with China.

August 24, 2018:  USTR solicits public comment on Russia's compliance with WTO standards. 

August 22, 2018: WSJ article re: tensions between US and China in WTO: “For US to Stay in WTO, China May Have to Leave.”

August 15, 2018: Telecommunications Industry Association: Opposes tariffs on networking equipment.  

August 14, 2018: Forbes: Trump is Losing his Trade War

August 13, 2018: USTR: USTR announces talks in September with Japan on trade.  Reuters summary.

August 9, 2018: GOP chairman calls on Trump administration to explain tariff exclusions

August 8, 2018: CBP: Release of In-Bond process document.

August 8, 2018: USTR: US gains admissions of US poultry products into Morocco.

August 8, 2018: USTR: Seeks WTO permission to impose up to $350 million in annual tariffs against Indonesia for their exclusion of U.S. beef and other products from their markets.  (The U.S. won the case-in-chief on the merits way back in Nov. 2017, after having complained about the ban in May 2014).  Meanwhile, continues to review Indonesia's eligibility for GSP in light of Jakarta's imposition of many trade and investment barriers (coated paper, biodiesel, poultry, etc.)

August 8, 2018: Peak Pegasus: A symbol of the trade war?

August 7, 2018: White House Order re-imposes and enhances prior sanctions on Iran. While the EU threatens firms that stop doing business with Iran.

August 7, 2018: US Economy: Victims of Trump Tariffs.

August 7, 2018: Commerce: Final List 2 announced.  This represents $16 billion worth of imports from China that will be subject to a 25 percent additional tariff as part of the U.S. response to China’s unfair trade practices.  (USTR kept 279 of the original 284 tariff lines.)  The duties are effective on August 23.

August 6, 2018: Congress: Major CFIUS legislation moving forward.

August 6, 2018: USTR: review of Turkey’s GSP Eligibility announced (in Response to Retaliatory Tariffs)

August 5, 2018: Leaked documents show Navarro plan to apply 45% tariffs in simulltaneous trade wars.

August 4, 2018: NAFTA: Canadian Minister is "keen" to get back to the table - after having being excluded from U.S.-Mexico talks.  

August 4, 2018:  List 3 comments deadline extended to September 5, 2018.

August 3, 2018: China promptly announces its tariff retaliation.  Meanwhile Kudlow stands firm.

August 3, 2018: Stock market consequences to China, while US business owners support POTUS and sourcing cracks showing in China's near stranglehold on electronics manufacturing.

August 1, 2018: POTUS: List 3 increase proposed to 25% tariff rates.

August 3, 2018: China: Ministry of Commerce announces retaliation to POTUS LIST 3 increase. Politico Article.

August 1, 2018: POTUS announces increase in Section 301 List 3 tariffs. Politico article.

July 31, 2018: BIS: 54 Chinese entities added to the export-restricted entity list.  (The new restrictions are targeting some of the key elements of the policy including air defense systems, satellite communications systems, semiconductors and aerospace products)

July 27, 2018: Commerce: Aluminum Extrusions (China): Final results of ADD Annual Review (2016-2017).

July 27, 2018: Commerce: Solar Cells (China): Final results of ADD Annual Review (2015-2016). China-wide rate: 238.95% - but some companies achieved rates as low as 15.85%.

June 26, 2018: Commerce: Multi-layer Wood Flooring (China): Final Results of Antidumping Duty Administrative Review, Final Determination of No Shipments, and Partial Rescission; 2015-2016. 

July 25, 2018:  Trump and European Commission President Juncker announce a "new relationship" between the US and EU to negotiate together globally, to work towards zero-tariffs and zero-subsidies on non-auto products, to reform the WTO issues, to resolve the steel and aluminum issues and avoid trade disputed.  Liquefied natural gas and soybeans were proposed as EU purchases.

July 25, 2018: Commerce: Multilayered Wood Flooring (China): Notice of Court Decision Not in Harmony With the Second Amended Final Determination and Notice of Third Amended Final Determination of the Antidumping Duty Investigation.

July 24, 2018: CBP: EAPA: Evasion determination in Diamond Sawblades cases.

July 23, 2018: Commerce: Solar Cells (China): Final Results of Countervailing Duty Administrative Review; 2015 - 2016.

July 23, 2018:  CBP: Registration for Atlanta symposium (8/14/2018 - 8/15/2018)

July 23, 2018: Treasure/State/DHS:  North Korea Sanctions & Enforcement Actions Advisory.

July 23, 2018: USTR: Schedule of those testifying at the 301 hearing on July 24.

July 18, 2018: IPR liabitiy: In Nike, Inc. v. Eastern Ports Custom Brokers, Inc. et al, 2-11-cv-04390 (NJD 2018-07-19, Order) the broker was sued by Nike for two containers of counterfeit shoes under the strict liability (no showing of intent is necessary) provisions of the Lanham Act. While Nike had claimed over $3 million due to lost profits on the over 200,000 counterfeit shoes (and had alleged 8 prior shipments), the court disallowed those theories as speculative and because the 2 containers had been seized. Instead the court awarded $30,000 per infringed mark (8 Nike marks) for a total of $240,000.

July 18, 2018: Congress: Legislation to add trade war tariffs to trade adjustment assistance.  Summary | Bill

July 18, 2018: Commerce: initiates 232 investigation on Uranium products.

July 18, 2018: EU:  Rolls out a Trump-like steel policy:  The EU proposal would levy a 25% tariff on all steel imports above 2015 - 2017 levels.  (The 28-nation EU is the world’s largest importer of steel.  While this was framed as a part of the EU's response to Trump tariffs, and prompted by the warnings from Eurofer, the proposed EU action would apply to all steel imports (and not targeting specifically targeting the USA) on the basis of protecting EU manufacturing.

July 11, 2018: USTR:  Third list released.  (6,000+ tariff lines estimated at comprising $200 billion in trade).

June 29, 2018:  ITC:  Annual compilation of bi-weekly reports of textile/apparel imports from China, as requested by the House Ways and Means: Textile and Apparel Imports from China: Statistical Reports, Annual Compilation 2017.

June 29, 2018:  Canada: Retaliatory duties announced

June 28, 2018: CBP: CSMS #18-000409: Section 301 Trade Remedies to be Assessed on Certain Products from China Effective July 6.

June 28, 2018: USTR: Voices rebuttal statement against retaliatory duties.

June 28, 2018: White House report cites Chinese Economic aggression.

June 28, 2018: Commerce: Solar (Taiwan): Final Results of Antidumping Administrative Review; 2016-2017.

June 22, 2018: European retaliatory duties go into effect.  Trump tweet threatens 20% duties on EU autos. 

June 18, 2018:  60 Trade Associations: submit letter asking Congress to examine methods to reign-in POTUS on trade.

June 15, 2018:  White House: Statement: U.S. will pursue additional duties to compensate for China's Retaliation.

Congress: NYTimes: Senate votes to reinstate penalties on ZTE.

June, 14, 2018: President gives green light to 301 tariffs on $50B Chinese goods; China vows a response in kind. 

USTR issued LIST 1 representing the a final list of products against which duties will go into effect on July 6, 2018.   (The list represents the reduction of the original proposed list based on comments received.  515 product lines were removed from the original 1,333 lines.)

A second proposed list (LIST 2) has been released containing 284 newly proposed tariff lines. 

June 9, 2018:  After G-7, Canada pledges to retaliate against the United States tariffs on steel and aluminum products in defense of Canadian workers, leading President Trump to issue 2 caustic tweets:

  • "Based on Justin’s false statements at his news conference, and the fact that Canada is charging massive Tariffs to our U.S. farmers, workers and companies, I have instructed our U.S. Reps not to endorse the Communique as we look at Tariffs on automobiles flooding the U.S. Market!” Mr. Trump wrote."

  • “PM Justin Trudeau of Canada acted so meek and mild during our @g7 meetings, only to give a news conference after I left saying that, ‘US Tariffs were kind of insulting’ and he ‘will not be pushed around.’ Very dishonest & weak. Our Tariffs are in response to his of 270% on dairy!”

Meanwhile, despite the trade war, the National Retail Federation expects record imports (further exacerbating the trade deficit).

June 13, 2018:  American Metal Coalition published summary of worldwide retaliatory tariffs against Section 232 duties. 

June 8, 2018:  White House: Statement: Era of American Complacency on Trade is Over.

 May 31, 2018: POTUS Proclaimations on Steel and Aluminum products.  (Since no permanent agreements were reached with Canada, Mexico and the EU, and there was no further exemption, the section 201 duties on steel and Aluminum will end on June 1.)  Argentina, Australia, Brazil and S. Korea imports will be subject to certain exemptions (only Argentina negotiated exemptions from both steel and Aluminum). 

May 31, 2018: Canada and the EU published retaliation lists.  Canada's retaliation list.  Comments can be filed as to the Canadian list (due June 15th). Two EU retaliation lists exist. 

May 31, 2018: China cuts tariffs on 1,449 categories of goods from most favored nations will be reduced by an overall average of about 60 percent.  China also announced a new negative list will be published by June 30 possibly reducing investment barriers.

May 31, 2018: CBP: CSMS #18-000372: Additional Duty on Imports of Steel and Aluminum Articles under Section 232.  (Note: when Section 301 duties go into effect, certain products may be subject to both Section 232 and Section 301 duties.)

May 31, 2018: ITC issues Version: 2018 HTSA Revision 5 (includes provisions related to 232 quota and duties.)

May 30, 2018: WTO: Appelate body ruling that the EU continued providing illegal subsidies to Airbus in defiance of an earlier WTO ruling. This allows for U.S. retaliatory duties in the 14-year legal battle.

May 30, 2018: Trilateral meeting: Japan, US, EU: Joint Statement against China's forced technology transfers and forced investments.

May 30, 2018: CBP: EAPA Decision (7204) on oil country tubular goods (“OCTG”).

May 30, 2018: Canada: "Totally unacceptable"

May 29, 2018: POTUS: White House Statement: Section 301 tariffs to be finalized, despite US-China discussions.  China MOFOCOM's response ("both surprised and unsurprised").  

May 24, 2018: Commerce: announcement of the self-initiates a Section 232 investigation on the national security impact of auto importations. 

May 24, 2018: EU COMMISSION: 2018/724:  Retaliation list for the US section 232 duties.

May 23, 2018: Article: POTUS describes Canada as "spoiled" and cited to auto deal.

May 22, 2018: China: Amends its advance cargo manifest requirements.

May 21, 2018: CBP: CSMS #18-000352: Submitting Imports of Products Excluded from Duties on Imports of Steel or Aluminum.

May 21, 2018: CAFC: Whirlpool: "the exception for fasteners unambiguously applies only to the finished goods kit exclusion and not to the finished merchandise exclusion . . ."

May 19, 2018:  United States and China:  Joint Statement Regarding Trade Consultations; China drops Sorghum case.  (MOFOCOM announcement)

May 19, 2018: CBP: CSMS #18-000349: Draft ES CATAIR Posted in Support of Tariff Rate Adjustments and Section 232 Exclusions

May 15, 2018: USTR: WTO that Airbus Continues to violate WTO rules.

May 14, 2018: USTR: Statement on Status of NAFTA Renegotiation

May 10, 2018: Congress: introduction of the Fair Trade with China Act.

Fair May 4, 2018:  NCBFFA Annual Conf.:  Brenda Smith says more remains to be done with ACE.  John Leonard indicates eCommerce enforcement priorities will be sent to Congress this week. Long awaited Part 111 amendments expected in FY2018.  CBP discusses its "Trade Strategy 2020".

May 4, 2018: Pentagon: stops sales of Huawei & ZTE phones in U.S. military bases for potential security threats.

May 4, 2018: DDTC: New website design.

May 2, 2018: COAC: anticipates recommendation in June meeting for CBP regulations for a supplemental AD/CVD bonding mechanism. See proposal from prior COAC meeting.

April 30, 2018:  At the last moment, Trump extends AL and Steel exclusions for allies.

April 25, 2018: CAFC: Bell Supply Co. LLC v. United States, Court No. 2017-1492 et al (April 25, 2018): Hold that PRC green tubes finished in indonesia into OCTG can be found in scope through (a) the substantial transformation test, or (b) via an anticircumvention proceeding. 

April 19, 2018: Customsl: Federal Register: GSP renewal and retroactive refunds.  Detailed information on the GSP refund process here.

April 18, 2018: Trade Symposium "save the date" announced for August 14-15 at the Atlanta Marriott Marquis Hotel. 

FTC: Another "Made in USA" Settlement (Bollman Hat Company)

April 16, 2018: Commerce has again placed ZTE (Zhongxing Telecommunications Equipment Corporation and ZTE Kangxun Telecommunications Ltd.) collectively back on the BIS Entity List for repeated false statements

(ZTE had been placed on the entity list in March 2016 when DOC determined it was involved in a scheme to use a series of shell companies illegally reexport controlled items to Iran.  It was removed in 2017 after a $1.19 billion settlement which set up an audit framework for the company.)

April 13, 2018:  POTUS: 2019 budget request for CBP is $14.2 billion ($218 million increase). ICE would get 8.8 billion (a $1.4 billion increase).

April 13, 2018: CBP: Definition of ISF importer expanded.

April 12, 2018: ITC ends 337 investigation without exclusions on China steel companies (US Steel didn't push for exclusions). POTUS proposes rejoining TPP.

April 11, 2018: Senator Grassley (R-Iowa) quote following trip to China: [China] “will do anything legal or illegal, moral or immoral, ethical or unethical ... to get ahead and stay ahead.”  Lawmakers calling for TPP and NAFTA as bulwarks.

April 10, 2018: China: General Secretary (for life), Xi Jinping pledges a "new phase of opening up" in his keynote to the Boao Forum for Asia.  As in 2013, Xi affirmed proposals to lower foreign-ownership limits on manufacturing, expand protection to intellectual property.

April 6, 2018: POTUS: Statement on China Trade War: directing USTR to look at additional tariffs and to plan for the protection of US industry (farmers).  Article.   China vows 'fierce counterstrike' and at any cost.

April 6, 2018: Article: 8th round in Washington.

April 6, 2018: CIT denies Severstal attempt to block sec 232 duties.

April 5, 2018:  Reuters: China tariffs to go into effect Monday.

April 5, 2018: CBP: CSMS #18-000258: Update: Section 232 and Immediate Transportation Entries

April 3, 2018: USTR Notice of Determination and Request for Public Comment re: Section 301 List of Products against which duties may be applied.

March 30, 2018: DHS:  FAQ on CAATSA.

March 28, 2018:  Washington Post Article on China's Retaliatory Tariffs on U.S. Pork in light of Hong Kong-based WH Group's ownership of Smithfield.

March 22, 2018: Congress: Budget Passes in Late Night Drama 

March 22, 2018: CSMS #18-000240: Customs' Implementation of Sec. 232 Duties

March 22, 2018: China: Sec. 232 Retaliation List

March 22, 2018, POTUS: Memorandum announces the section 301 process. 

March 22, 2018: USTR: Report on section 301 investigation and executive summary and fact sheet.

March 21, 2018: ITC: Decision to terminate 377 price fixing investigation on steel.

March 17, 2018:  BIS: NPRN on Steel and Aluminum Exclusions.

March 2, 2018:  Client Advisory: Gazing into the Crystal Ball for Steel & AL.

NPR: Article: U.S. Plan For Steel And Aluminum Tariffs Prompts Global Backlash

March 1, 2018: POTUS announces section 232 duties will be imposed 25% for steel products, and 10% for Aluminum products. 

ebruary 25, 2018:  Article: 7th Round in Mexico.

February 15, 2018: USTR announces opportunity for exemptions from Solar Safeguards.

February 13, 2018: POTUS tours National Targeting Center, gives praise and promises support.  Briefing of POTUS available.

February 13, 2018: DOJ: FCA Settlement in United States ex rel. Patrick v. Pure Collection Ltd., 2:16-cv-00230-GZS (D. Me.) for breaking-up shipments to skim customer transactions under the $800 limit.

February 2, 2018: CBP: Delay reported in issuance of revised drawback regulations. Interim guidance to be issued prior to Feb 24. 

WCO: Tariff classification ruling release

January 30, 2018: DIUx Report: China’s Technology Transfer Strategy. (Signal for policy changes ahead?)

January 29, 2018: NYT article: Customs False Claims cases

January 27, 2018:  USTR: KORUS negotiations continue in Seoul.

January 26, 2018: Amended Prelim (A-583-853).

January 25, 2018:  FDA's Draft Guidance: Supply Chain Program:  FSVP Fact Sheet.

January 25, 2018:  DOJ: Sinovel Wind Group Conviction.

January 24, 2018: USTR: Report to Congress On China’s WTO Compliance: "It is now clear that the WTO rules are not sufficient to constrain China’s market-distorting behavior"  Reuters

January 23, 2018: India's PM Modi defends globalism.  Reuters.  (Trump to speak Friday)

January 23, 2018: POTUS: Proclamations released:  Solar cells and Residential Washers.

January 22, 2018:   

As NAFTA parties meet at 6th Round negotiations and as POTUS Trump prepares for the World Economic Summit in Davos, the news today:

  • POTUS approves Safeguard duties on Solar (China) and Washing Machines (Korea). NYT and Washington Post articles. Trump approves safeguard duties on solar cells over 4 years. "In each of the four years, the first 2.5 gigawatts of imported solar cells will be exempted from the tariff..." As to washing machines, "the first 1.2 million washing machines imported each year will face a 20 percent tariff, with additional imports facing a 50 percent tax. Under Monday's announcement, parts also will be hit with a 50 percent tariff."

  • Meanwhile, Canadian PM Trudeau announces the trade deal between Canada and 10 Asia-Pacific countries, called the Comprehensive and Progressive Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP) (formerly known in the US as the TPP).

January 20, 2018: NAFTA: Article: 6th Round of negotiations begins next week.

Article: "Everything you need to know about the Federal Government Shutdown."

January 19, 2018:  Article: Congressional budget impasse?

January 19, 2018:  WTO Arbitrator determines “reasonable period of time” in US-China anti-dumping dispute.

January 18, 2018: USTR: IPR violations: 2017 Notorious Markets List.  Summary here.

January 17, 2018: DOJ: $10.5 Million FCA Settlement: Basset Mirror

WTO: Vietnam files complaint against US on fish fillets.

January 16, 2018: Hill Times Article: NAFTA Renegotiations: Canada may capitulate to certain 'unthinkable' US demands.  Read our page on NAFTA (here).

CBSA: Verification priorities for 2018.  (Targeted verification priorities are determined through a risk-based, "evergreen" process. Old priorities are carried over and new priorities are added.)

January 15, 2018:  Article: Korea follows Canada's WTO move by filing to the Dispute Settlement Body against US ADCVD on Korean Washers.

January 14, 2018:  Article: WTO Canada's complaint "based on 200 examples of offenses."  Read our page on Softwood Lumber (here).

January 13, 2018:  Article: Vietnam files WTO complaint on seafood.

CBP: 15 shipments have been blocked due to concerns of North Korean labor.  Read our page on Korean labor issues (here)

January 12, 2018: Article: ITC Affirmative vote in AL Sheet investigation.

January 11, 2018:  Am Shipper: Article: Port of Oakland posts its busiest year.

January 10, 2018: WTO: Canada files dispute to the WTO over Softwood Lumber.. Financial Times Article.  USTR Lighthizer's response.   Read our page on Softwood Lumber (here).

January 9, 2018:  ECommerce:  Article: Buyer beware...

Commerce: Solar Cells from China: Preliminary Results CVD Administrative Review and Preliminary Determination of No Shipments; 2015-2016.  Read our page on solar issues (here).

January 8, 2018: 

Commerce: Anti-Circumvention Request (partial document) re: Aluminum products from Vietnam.  Read our page on AL Extrusions (here).

Article: CBP Warrant-less boarder searches at all-time high.  

Trump nomination for Kevin McAleenan as permanent CBP Commissioner sent to Senate.

January 7, 2018: Commerce: Solar Cells from China: Preliminary Results AD Administrative Review and Preliminary Determination of No Shipments; 2015-2016.  Read our page on solar issues (here).

Korea International Trade Association (KITA): Article: Shipments of steel goods rose 17.7 percent on-year to US$3.4 billion during the first 11 months of 2017.

January 5, 2018: Customs: CSMS 17-000736: Extension of in-bond enforcement.

Customs: CSMS #18-000015: Reconciliation statements go live in ACE

Canada: Statement in response to ADCVD Orders in Softwood Lumber. Read our page on Softwood Lumber (here).

January 4, 2018:  Forbes: Looking at Trade in 2018

CBP: Border Search Directive: CBP DIRECTIVE NO. 3340-049A

January 3, 2018:  NHTSA: Final Rule: Autos and Auto parts admissible if compliant in Canada.

January 1, 2018:  POTUS: Shock and Awe in 2018?

Commerce: Canadian Softwood Lumber AD and CVD final deposit rates.  Read our page on Softwood Lumber (here).


December 31, 2017:  CBP Newsletter details enforcement efforts by CEE against mis-classifications of "glass noodles" (issue 1902.19.2090/free versus 1901.90.9195/6.4%).

December 30, 2017: Pre-Release of Final Order in Softwood Lumber.  Read our page on Softwood Lumber (here).

December 26, 2017:  Preliminary Results of Changed Circumstances Review to exempt 'small cells.'  (See Nov 27 news.)

December 22, 2017: DOJ: California Apparel company pleads guilty to money laundering scheme.  Read our page on footwear and apparel (here).

CIT: LF USA decision on the classification of waterproof footwear.  Read our page on footwear and apparel (here).

December 20, 2017: CBP: GSP expiry instructions: CSMS #17-000789

December 19, 2017: 

POTUS: National Security Strategy of the United States.  Discusses, in general terms, the need for reforms at the WTO & abuses by China (page 17).  On p. 20, "[t]he United States will counter all unfair trade practices that distort markets using all appropriate means, from dialogue to enforcement tools." 

CBP: Year-end immediate delivery procedures:  CSMS #17-000786

December 18, 2017: 

Congress: Alcohol related excise tax cuts moving thru Congress: Conference Report

Bill intended to insulate brokers from the duty liability of bankrupt importers.

DHS/CBP: 2018 Regulatory Agenda

December 15, 2017: Commerce: Postponement of findings in the CV duty investigation into forged steel fittings from China

EU - Japan Partnership Finalized: Press Release

Commerce: Iron soil pipe fittings from China:  Prelim CV determination (affirmative)

USTR: Lighthizer's comments: Joint statement on electronic commerce (70 countries)

EU: eCommerce: Provisional agreement to make cross-border parcel delivery more affordable & transparent

December 13, 2017: 

CBP: FAQ on In-bond changes.

WTO: Moving forward with e-Commerce Gateway.  Argentina summary

December 11, 2017:

Commerce: Prelim. circumvention decision: certain corrosion-resistant steel products (CORE) manufactured in VN using carbon hot-rolled steel (HRS) or cold-rolled steel (CRS) flat products manufactured in China are circumventing.

Commerce: Prelim. circumvention decision: cold-rolled steel flat products (CRS) produced in VN using carbon hot-rolled steel (HRS) manufactured in China is circumventing.

December 8, 2017: 

CBP Symposium: Metaphor for the future of CBP is a "four-lane highway." Article summary.

Commerce: Final results in annual review of MSG from China

December 7, 2017: 

ITA: AL Extrusions: Final CV results 2015 POR.

ITC: Final injury determination on Softwood Lumber announced.  Read our page on Softwood Lumber (here).

USDA: December 06, 2017: 

CSMS #17-000753:ALB Certificate requirements 

December 06, 2017: 

CSMS #17-000753:ALB Certificate requirements 

December 1, 2017:

ITC:  Hardwood plywood from China: Final affirmative injury: Inv. No. 701-TA-565 and 731-TA-1341 (Summary)

NCBFFA: Petition to FCC re: broker responsibility for RF devices.

November 28, 2017:

Commerce self initiates on Aluminum sheeting

November 27, 2017: ITA: Changed circumstances review of Pitco request for solar cell exclusion re: "Panels with surface area from 3,450 mm2 to 33,782 mm2 with one black wire and one red wire (each of type 22 AWG or 24 AWG not more than 206 mm in length when measured from panel extrusion), and not exceeding 2.9 volts, 1.1 amps, and 3.19 watts. No panel shall contain an internal battery or external computer peripheral ports." 

November 24, 2017: NAFTA: Trilateral Statement from end of the 5th Round. NYTimes impact on national security.  Am. Shipper: Textile Industry in Knots. Forbes: NAFTA linked to US energy strategy.

November 22, 2017: ITC: Initiation of another safeguard investigation: "large residential washers"

November 22, 2017: ITA: Affirmative Prelim. on Cold-Drawn Mechanical Tubing of Carbon and Alloy Steel from China, Germany, India, Italy, Korea, and Switzerland.  (Critical circumstances found).  Factsheet.  Decisions: KoreaChinaIndia

November 20, 2017:  USTR: Updated NAFTA goals.  LA Times: Summary

November 18, 2017:  Commerce announces hundreds of billions in business deals as a result of the U.S. - China Business Exchange.  Details here

November 16, 2017: COAC recommends 'live entry' requirement for IORs with unresolved non-payments of ADCVD deposits, or who are over 60 days in arrears on such increased duty bills.

November 15, 2018: 

     - Commerce: ADD & CVD Final Results: Hardwood Plywood from China: Factsheet

     - NAFTA Round 5: Mexico may soften stance

November 14, 2017:  GSP Coalition letter from 351 companies and associations urges renewal by year-end.

November 11, 2017:   J&N webpage on CF 28s from N. Korea re: "Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act" CAATSA

November 10, 2017:  

     - ABA reports on statements of Judge Buchannan in the HCR ManorCare case: “I don’t think this case should have ever been brought,. . .I’m appalled, I’m embarrassed, I’m ashamed that the Department of Justice would rely on this kind of nonsense . . .”  See our FCA page.

     - Senate: Introduction of CFIUS Reform Legislation

     - CIT: Decision on when protest are legally approved:  Erwin Hymer Group N.A. v. US. 

November 9, 2017: 

     - Congress: House and Senate introduce MTB legislation:  Announcement:
          - Text of H.R. 4318: 

     - WCO: 18th Monitoring Report on G20 Trade Measures.

November 8, 2017:  ITA: Softwood Lumber: Final Determinations: ADD and CVD.

November 7, 2017:  Customs: Updated Reasonable Care Checklist (modified for the  "Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act" (CAATSA)

November 6, 2017:  House tax bill contains excise tax that would include imports.  LA Times Summary.
    - House Ways and Means tax bill
     - Legislative summary

November 4, 2017:  OTEXA: Textiles and Apparel Report

November 3, 2017: NCBFAA: Whats's in a Name: Article on the Role of Customs Brokers

November 2, 2017: ITA: Softwood Lumber: pre-published decisions on Final Rates. AD Decision. CVD Decision.

November 1, 2017: Senate bill (S. 2032) introduced to echo House bill (H.R. 2735) seeking to extend GSP benefits to certain type of footwear.

October 31, 2017: CIT: Rubies Costume v US: Decision finding Santa costumes to be "wearing apparel" issued on Halloween. 

October 30, 2017: Harbor commissioners for Los Angeles and Long Beach adopt a 2017 Clean Air Action Plan Update

October 29, 2017:  Fortune article "Is Canada really our worst trade enemy?"

     - NAFTA Talks Stall.
     - Softwood lumber findings imminent.
     - Tariff row over Bombadier tariffs.

October 28, 2917:  Customs Symposium:  December 5-6 in Atlanta.

October 27, 2017: California enacts: Cleaning Product Right to Know Act (SB 258)  (Effective January 2021)

 October 25, 2017: USDA AMS National Organic Program (NOP):  new interim instruction regarding "Organic" imports.

October 12, 2017:  CIT: Decision in Sterling Footwear v United States: discusses scope of Trek Leather and successor liability.

October 11, 2017: CIT renders judgement against company (in addition to the judgement against its owner) for duties, penalties, interest, and other cost items due to negligence.

October 6, 2017: CPSC: Comments sought on high-powered magnet sets.

October 5, 2017: Commerce issues prelim in cold-drawn mechanical tubing from China, Germany, India, Italy, Korea, and Switzerland:  ITA PrelimITC Prelim.

October 3, 2017: DOJ:  FCA Settlement: Company's domestic purchases allegedly "aided the fraudulent scheme by ignoring warning signs that . . . irregular business practices were highly suggestive of fraud."  Consent order here.

September 28, 2017: CBP: Final rule: In-bond changes

September 27, 2017: ITC: Softwood Lumber: Updated ITC Schedule

September 18, 2017:  USTR:  China's Mercantilism represents an "unprecedented threat."

August 14, 2017:  CBP: Green Island Ruling: no POA required to create an IORs liability.

August 5, 2017
     - CIT: Gerson Company: battery-powered LED candles classified as "lamps".
     - Consortium for Common Food Names continues the fight against the EU's push for Geographic Indicators in Comments to China

August 4, 2017
     - Congress: Legislation: Countering America's Adversaries through Sanctions Act:  re: Russia, Iran, & N. Korea
     - Senate Finance Cmte:  Sen Wyden on Softwood Lumber Negotiations, "Real consultation is not telling us 5 minutes before somethings going to happen --- before a proposal is offered or an agreement is agreed to."
     - POTUS nominee to Seec. of Commerce for international Trade, Gilbert Kaplan, testifies he would be more creative in self-initiating cases, and using section 301.
     - Concurrently, Senate Democrats propose blueprint for an independent prosecutor at the ITC.

August 3, 2017
     - POTUS: rumors of trade measures against China for its unfair trade practices, particularly forced technology transfer and violations of intellectual property rights (IPR).  

August 2, 2017
     - BIS: SNAP-R system improvements: Updated manual

August 1, 2017
     - Softwood Lumber: Settlement stuck on 3rd country supply issues.
     - Congress:  Reconciliation of Sanctions Bill on Russia, Iran, N. Korea <NPR summary>.

July 31, 2017
     - Congress: Veto-Proof Passage: Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act: Imposes Sanctions on Russia, Iran & N. Korea.

July 27, 2017
     - Congressional Leaders: set aside the Border Tax Initiative
     - Customs: CSMS# 17-000423 - ACE Post Release Deployment Update

July 26, 2017
      - July 26, 2017:  Bipartisan letter from U.S. Senate Finance Committee urges negotiation of a quote resolution and demands consultation and briefing of the Senate.  

          - United Steelworkers Union:  Urges 232 Investigation to proceed quickly.
          - The Hill:  POTUS explains investigation will take time.
          - Congress:  Exclusion for 232 steel investigation           

July 25, 2017
     - Commerce: Affirmative anti-circumvention determination re: 5050 Series Aluminum Extrusions.
     - CIT: Court sustains DOC remand in Sunpower & Kyocera Solar

     - U.S. Dairy Assn.: Comments: EU-Canada FTA (CETA) objecting to the impact on U.S. Products & Trademarks in Canada
          + for more, read the Cato Institute's: "Reign of Terrior: Europe’s Efforts to Control Common Food Names..."
          + as well as, Geographic Indicators at Home and Abroad, by Hazel V J Moir.

July 20, 2017
     - Canada: Request for Extension:  re: schedule for the briefing and final determination on Softwood Lumber

July 19, 2017
     - USTR: Press Release: Negotiating Objectives for NAFTA
     - HQ H275530 re: application of $800 informal limit

July 14, 2017
     - CIT: US v. Khan:  Negligent classification - despite reliance on Customs Broker.
     - Commerce: ADCVD Final Results: Solar Cells from China (2014) 
    -  China: Proposed legislation would strengthen national export control regulations

July 13, 2017
     - CBP: CSMS #17-000401: PGA message set guidelines for Seafood Import Monitoring Program
     - USTR: KORUS: Letter from Lighthizer to Korean Minister of Trade
     - CBP: LA FP&F: Ms. Yolanda Benitez appointed FP&F Officer
     - ITC: Softwood Lumber:  Scheduling for the Final Phase of ADCVD Investigations
     - FCC: Elimination of FCC Form 740 announced
15 Former Economic Advisers warn President that Steel tariffs under Sec 232 would cause harm.

July 6th, 2017
     - Commerce: Final Results: Crystalline Silicon Photovoltaic Products from Taiwan (2014-2016)
     - Commerce: Final Results: Hot-Rolled Flat-Rolled Carbon-Quality Steel Products from the Russian Federation: (2014-2015)
     - Commerce: Prelim results: Honey from China (2015 -2016)
     - BBC: EU and Japan reach Free Trade Agreement

     - Producers and exporters of Aluminum Extrusions (and other goods) have an opportunity to take immediate action to obtain separate rates.  

July 4, 2017
     - Commerce: AD: Postponement: Hardwood Plywood final extended to November 6.  Also extending provisional measures.

July 3, 2017
     - FDA: CSMS #17-000388: Update to Food and Drug Administration Related Low Value Shipments   (And here is a link to the FDA's updated Import Manual).
     - Commere: List of Upcoming ADCVD Reviews
     - Commerce:  Final Review: Preserved Mushrooms from China (2015-2016)     
     - Commerce:  Final Review: Warm Water Shrimp from Thailand (2015-2016)
     - Commerce: Postponement of Prelim.:  Tool Chests & Cabinets from China
     - ITC: HTSUS 2017 Revision 1:
     - ITC: Change Record: List of Changes to tariff (incl. some ITA II items)

June 29, 2017
     - USTR: List of changes to GSP
     - Weily Rein: Domestics discuss evasion claims filed: Diamond Sawblades
     - CBP: FRN: ACE Delay

June 27, 2017
     - Commerce: Factsheet: Softrwood Lumber from Canada
     -  Congress: Organic foods:  Concerns expressed over fraudulent imports
     - Customs: H284146: Certain phone cases are classified under Heading 4202 (notwithstanding Otterbox v. US)
      - CBP: ACE: implementation delayed (impacts liquidation (with the exception of the previously deployed electronic posting of the Notices of Liquidation on, reconciliation, drawback, duty deferral, collections and the Automated Surety Interface (ASI). 

June 23, 2017
     - Commerce: Final Results: Steel sinks from China
     - Commerce: Postponement of Preliminary Determination until September 18, 2017
    - USDA: Fresh Beef from Brazil:  Import Suspension

June 19, 2017
     - Commerce: ADCVD Factsheet and Preliminary Decision: China Hardwood Plywood

June 16, 2017
     - LA/LB:  Truckers/warehouse workers plan a 1 week strike starting Monday 6/19
     - DEA: Webinar: New filing procedures
     - Commerce: ADCVD Scope: China Wood Flooring (2-layer flooring excluded, 3+ layers covered)
     - NAFTA: Waiting to Exhale?  Ok, go ahead... 

June 13, 2017
     - WCO:  Update: Classification decisions
     - Commerce: ADD Review: China Garlic (2014-2015)
     - USTR: NAFTA Comments
     - GAO Report on Customs: highlights
     - China: Anbang Chairman detained

June 9, 2017
     - CBP: CSMS #17-000338: PSCs re: TIB
     - CBP: CSMS #17-000333: Protest resubmission re: Zojirushi case (August 2016)
     - CBP: Awareness Campaign: The Truth Behind Counterfeits 
     - China: Belt & Road Forum 2017.  

June 8, 2017
     - IPR: Live footage: Illicit Budweiser manufacturing in China (600,000 cartons of fake beer a month).
     - CBP: Federal Register: Forced Labor: "Consumptive demand” removed section 910 of TFTEA.
     - Commerce: AD Admin Review: PRCBs from Thailand
     - Commerce: Deal: US-Mexico Sugar trade
     - WTO: Annual Report 2017
     - Congress: H.R. 10:   Conflict Mineral repeal bill passes the House
     - Commerce: Final Results: Antidumping Review: Diamond Sawblades

June 7, 2017
     -  Commerce: Solar: Scope Ruling: Flashlight within the Order on solar cells (A-570-979 and C-570-980).

     - Commerce: Modification: Final Results: AD Review: Multilayered wood from China
     - CBP: ACE:
          - Business Rules & Process Document: Update (June).
          - FR Notice: Drawback and Reconciliation (July 8 Releases)
     - CBP:  Recommendation for Processing Entries Subject to the Canadian Softwood Lumber Countervailing Duty (CVD) 
     - SF Federal Reserve: Tariff Risk to Economy
     - Senators: Pressure Customs on ADCVD collection: Bonding of Honey
     - Steel Associations: NAFTA comments

June 5, 2017
     - Commerce: AD/CVD Review: Preliminary Results (2015-2016): Aluminum Extrusions.  (About 3X current margins).
     - Commerce: AD/CVD Review: Preliminary Results (2015-2016): Freshwater Crawfish Tail Meat
     - Commerce: Consolidated Comments: 232 Steel Investigation
     - CBP: CSMS 17-000326: NAFTA Comments solicited (June 12 deadline; hearing June 27).  (ITC meeting 7/20)

June 2, 2017
     - Supreme Court: Patent Exhaustion & Gray Market Goods: Impression Products Inc. v. Lexmark International Inc.
     - FCC: Form 740 Suspension: Continued until Sept. 30.
     - Commerce: Final Results: Wood Flooring from China.
     - CBP: Press release: implementation of executive order on trade enforcement.
     - Congress:  McSally Bill on CBP border staffing.
          >Interesting stat: "since implementation (of the polygraph test)....two thirds of applicants have failed the test."

May 31, 2017
     - WCO: Advisory Opinion 4.17: Valuation Clarification: Dutiability of Royalties Arising under a Franchise Agreement
     - Congress: H.R. 2756: Trade Enforcement Bill Introduced
     - ITA: Correction: CVD Hardwood Flooring from China
     - ITC: FACTSHEET: Section 201 Safeguard Investigation Launched: Solar Cells
     - CDSOA Distributions Report
     - CSMS 17-000314: FDA FSVP: Compliance Date
     - AMS: Proposed Rule: De Minimis Exemption for Softwood Lumber

May 25, 2017
     - Criminal Charges: Trade Secret Theft & Conspiracy for benefit of Chinese manufacturer: syntactic foam
     - ITC: MTB:  Comment period dates
     - ITC: NAFTA Investigation: Effects of Duty-Free NAFTA Imports

May 23, 2017
     - Border Adjustment Tax: House M&W Cmte Testimony:
          - Target (CEO Brian Cornell)
          - Walmart (CEO Bill Simon)
          - Professor of Economics (Kimberly Clausing)

     - WSJ: Border Tax looks Dead.

     - DOJ: Criminal Sentence: Counterfeit Msft Software Discs.

May 22, 2017
     - USTR: FR Notice: NAFTA Comments (June 12) and Hearing (June 27) Announced

May 20, 2017
      - China: Canadian Winery owner imprisoned in China for under-valuation.
     - DOJ: Press Release: False Claim Act Settlement: Wooden Bedroom Furniture

May 19, 2017
     - CBP: entry of air Cargo: Split-Shipment Guidance
     - McConnell: anticipates Senate won't pass the Border Tax
     - Gary Doer:  Representing Alberta in Softwood Dispute

May 17, 2017
     - USTR Notification to Congress: Intent to Renegotiate NAFTA: Summary.  (Following on an earlier notice in 3/17.  Reports are that Lightheizer is committed to the removal of NAFTA CH 19, Dispute Settlement provisions.)

May 15, 2017
     - SEIA: Solar Cell & Modules: Industry trade group pledges opposition to section 201 petition.

May 11, 2017
     - FDA Final Rule: FSVP
     - CSMS: 17-000270: FTA qualification in the absence of a TCR (Tariff change rule).
     - Congressional Research Service report: Meaning of Made in USA
     - CPSC: NPRM: Table Saws: Safety Standard
     - ITC: Fact Sheet: Cold Drawn Mechanical Tubing

May 10, 2017
     - DOJ: Sentencing & Charging Memo: Directs federal prosecutors to "charge and pursue the most serious, readily provable offense."

May 4, 2017
     - Request for Comments: Subsidy Programs for Countries Exporting Softwood Lumber to the US.

April 29, 2017
     - Executive Orders:  (1) Office of Trade and Manufacturing Policy, and (2) Trade Agreement Violations and Abuses
     - Softwood lumber: IORs advised to use PSCs to correct for ADCVD.

April 27, 2017
     - Prison sentence for buying radio transmission modules and arranging for transshipment through Singapore to Iran.  The modules have use in office settings, could also have been used by terrorists.

April 26, 2017
     - ITC: Solar cells and modules: Sunvia files section 201 petition to impose tariffs against worldwide imports.

April 23, 2017
     - Commerce: Preliminary determination & Summary factsheet.

April 19, 2017
     - Census: Clarification of filing requirements (Final Rule).

April 5, 2017
     - CBP: Ruling: First Sale:  Flash title scenario used to justify defective "sale for export".

March 31, 2017
     ***** Executive Order re: Trade Enforcement  *****

March 16, 2017
     - Proposed budget: agency winners/losers (WSJ)

March 2, 2017: Chemical Company and Its Owner Sentenced for Rebate Scheme, False Statements to U.S. Customs.  

February 22, 2017
     - WCO: Trade Facilitation Agreement (TFA) entered into force.  Summary here.

February 6, 2017
     - ICC commissioned report concludes the global economic value of counterfeiting and piracy could reach US$2.3 trillion by 2022. 

February 2, 2017
     - La Nica Products v. US: SJ motion denied re: FTA qualification (plaintiff was not the IOR); duty liability also not discharged by judicial estopple.)

February 1, 2017
     - Washington Post article: Mexico & Canada taking first steps to NAFTA renegotiation.

January 31, 2017
     - CSMS #17-000046:  Requirements for Subheading 9801.00.10 – U.S. and Foreign Goods Returned

January 26, 2017
     - TSA partners with 11 additional airlines to offer TSA Pre

January 25, 2017
     - Customs opens fraud center in Puerto Rico: San Juan Trade Enforcement Coordination Center

January 18, 2017
     - Customs issues general notice of “Proposed Modification and Revocation of Ruling Letters Relating to Customs Application of the Jones Act to the Transportation of Certain Merchandise and Equipment Between Coastwise Points”

January 13, 2017
     - Guidance for Cargo Moving in-bond from an FTZ to a CBW.

January 12, 2017
     - CBP Joins DOJ, FBI, and EPA in Announcing a Settlement Against Volkswagen
     - ITC Preliminary Report on Hardwood Plywood.
     - Notices of Action published for Enforce & Protect Act ADDCVD Evasion proceedings

January 9, 2017
     - The ITC determines a reasonable basis exists to conclude the U.S. lumber industry is being harmed by Softwood Lumber imports from Canada that are either being sold at less than fair value, or subsidized by Canada’s government. 

November 27, 2016
     - Petition against Canadian Softwood Lumber filed by US domestic industry. Investigations: 701-TA-566 and 731-TA-1342.   (See our page on the softwood lumber dispute)

November 17, 2016
     - Ottawa's pro-active offer to renegotiate NAFTA with President Trump.

November 10, 2016
Importer's concerned about NAFTA might consider using the MTB mechanism to create "backup" duty-reduction options in the tariff.

November 1, 2016
FTC files complaint for "Made in USA" violation re: glue products.  (Suit settled for $220,000)

October 21, 2016: CBP: TFTEA Regulations proposed re: ADCVD Evasion investigations.

October 20, 2016
In Pleasure-Way Industries, the CIT held Canadian manufacturing altered cargo vans beyond the permissible scope of HTSUS 9802.00.50, destroyed the essential characteristics of the vans, and created a new commercial product.

October 19, 2016
FTC's report re: patent "troll" issues (i.e., 'patent assertion entities')

October 18, 2016
J&N presentation to the LA Customs Broker Association on FP&F.

October 14, 2016
CBP's NPRM re: electronic notices of liquidation. Comments due: Nov, 15.

October 13, 2016
-Miscellaneous Tariff Bill petitions open tomorrow at the ITC portal.  Background information here.  ITC releases Handbook on Filing MTB Petitions

October 12, 201
-Window for Hanjin Bankruptcy claims in Korea opens from October 11 to October 25.
- Court's 3rd remand order to Commerce is symptomatic of complexity in Aluminum Extrusions Order.

October 11, 2016
A limited window for Hanjin creditors to file claims in Korean court.
- President's Executive Order lifts sanctions against Burma

October 4, 2016
Appointment: Acting Port Director in Long Beach- Ms. Loretta Sanchez

September 27, 2016
General Administration of Customs (GAC) announced the Implementation of Customs Inspection Regulations (Decree of the GAC NO. 230) to specify the operational procedures and provided the detailed information in the Decree.

September 23, 2016
DOJ files suit under the False Claims Act in yet another case against a garment importer.

September 15, 2016
-Appointment: Director of Field Ops in Long Beach - Mr. Carlos Martel
-President reinstates trade preference benefits for Myanmar/Burma.
-President terminates national emergency and lifts sanctions re: the Ivory Coast (Côte d’Ivoire).
-Campaigns against the TPP intensify.

September 10, 2016
Customs launches recordation process for unregistered copyrights to facilitate border enforcement.

September 9, 2016
-CBP Long Beach: Procedures to suspend Entry/General Order clocks for local Hanjin containers.
- News article cites control Canadian inspections driving cargo to Seattle. 

September 7, 2016
-CBP releases details re: electronic liquidation in ACE.  Interim rule to come in FR.
-ACE Entry Summary Business Process document updated.
-Deadline for Drawback and Recon on ACE reportedly extended to October 29.
                    Update 9/8: CBP confirms extension of ACE post entry functions.

September 6, 2016
-CBP CSMS #16-000788 (Guidance on Vessel Diversions for Hanjin Shipping Lines Cargo).
-OFAC adds 133 new Russian entities to the SDN and SSI lists.

September 3, 2016
-Settlements published from OFAC ($1.3 M) and BIS ($8.1 M) in the Alcon Pharma export disclosure cases.
-Russian-born CEO of Arc Electronics sentenced to a decade in prison in a 19 count indictment for the company's evasion of US export controls.

September 2, 2016
Repealed and new Prop 65 regulations.  Re: transmission and content of warnings in Article 6.

September 2, 2016
CBP posts a Reconciliation Guide for ACE filers.

September 1, 2016
Court of Appeals for the 9th Circuit upholds US trademark holder's right to sue for trademark infringement where the infringing good are sold abroad.  Trader Joe's v. Hallatt, No 14-35035, 2016 WL 4488009 (9th Cir. Aug 26, 2016)


August 31, 2016
Hanjin Shipping files for court receivership (Hanjin is the 7th largest container carrier in the world).  Hanjin ships are having Port access issues due to insolvency issues; shippers may expect delays, and creditors should prepare to file claims. Article.

                    Update 9/2: Three lawsuits filed in federal courts by ship owners and other creditors.

August 29, 2016
CBP deploys protest filing in ACEelectronic protests must be filed via the ACE Secure Data Portal.

August 29, 2016
CBP publishes an Interim Final Rule (IFR) announcing the increase in value from $200 to $800 for certain articles that may be imported by one person, free of duty and tax.  (This amendment implements Section 901 of Trade Facilitation and Trade Enforcement Act of 2015 (TFTEA)).

August 25, 2016
Liquidation notices to be entirely electronic under ACE: (details to come in an FR notice)

August 23, 2016
A new website for the FDA's Division of Import Operations. 

August 22, 2016
The SEC probing for ties between US companies and Syria (export compliance).

August 21, 2016
National Brokers position paper on ACE as an unfinished system.

August 20, 2016
CBP's new procedures for the investigation of ADD/CVD evasion.

August 9, 2016
Sample "Informed Compliance Letter" being sent to importers by Regulatory Audit.

August 8, 2016
Fed Reg notice re: ACE module for protests

August 4, 2016
CIT: Zojirushi: Protests will lie against certain post-entry claims

August 2, 2016
Update of the Customs Valuation Encyclopedia to 2015.

July 21, 2016
Announcement of the National Jones Act Division of Enforcement. 

July 20, 2016
Dept. State relaunches its Company Visit Program.

July 15, 2016
Press release on $98.9 Million settlement on price fixing conspiracy (antitrust violation) re: Wallenius Wilhelmsen Logistics AS (WWL).

July 15, 2016
Press release on $13 Million False Claims Act settlement re: Customs duties owed by Motives Far East and Motives China Limited.

July 13, 2016
Final rule amending FDA food facility registration requirements, effective Sept 12, 2016.

July 11, 2016
Tentative agreement on Amendments to the NAFTA Rule of Origin (aka "Track IV") would liberalize eligibility for pharma, cosmetics, rubber, metals, industrial/electrical machinery, precision instruments, and natural gas. (N.B.: the Track IV announcement has since been removed from Canada's website.)

July 10, 2016
Negotiations on a new Softwood Lumber Agreement continue in face of the October 12 expiration of the US "standstill" on potential ADD/CVD actions.

July 9, 2016
EPA releases First Year Implementation Plan for TSCA reform.  Also releases unofficial, revised TSCA.

July 8, 2016
AMCHAM CHINA publishes article outlining China's VAT reforms.

July 7, 2016
Transcript from CBP's Webinar on ACE quota processing.

July 3, 2016
BIS Charging and Penalty Guidance in Administrative Enforcement Cases.

July 2, 2016
Information Technology Agreement II ("ITA II") phaseout schedule and expansion list.

July 1, 2016
GSP Modifications after 2015-2016 Annual Review

June 30, 2016
Mr. Mitchell Merriam appointed as Area Port Director to the Port of Long Beach.

June 25, 2016
Repository of BIEC Webinars detailing interagency actions on ACE implementation (i.e., FDA, EPA, APHIS pilots)

June 23, 2016
President signs the Frank R. Lautenberg Chemical Safety for the 21st Century Act which reforms the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA).

June 22, 2016
Proposed legislation in the Senate would reform the Pier Pass program in Long Beach.

June 17, 2016
News outlets report that China has postponed aspects of its new tax policy on foreign e-commerce purchases.

June 15, 2016
Congressional bill to amend the FTC "Made in USA" standard to specifically preempt state legislation. See news on California's revised statute, dated September 5, 2015 (below).

June 5, 2016
BIS & DDTC publish final rules on fundamental definitions and cloud computing.  As a consequence certain encrypted transfers of software and technology are decontrolled.  

May 26, 2016
ADD/CVD petition filed against Ammonium Sulfate from China (it is used in textiles, flame retardant products, and etc.)  

May 20, 2016
MTB reform bill signed into Law. Duty suspensions petitions may be submitted in October.

May 19, 2016
WCO releases 233 sets of Nomenclature Amendments for the 2017 HTS.

May 10, 2016
Ruisanchez Guidance issued by the DOJ on March 31, 2016, re: resolution of employment anti-discrimination concerns when verifying citizenship pursuant to export compliance obligations.

May 2, 2016
Modifications to of Article 6 of Prop 65 re: 'Clear and Reasonable Warnings.'  (Redline version).

April 28, 2016
Congress passes the Defend Trade Secrets Act of 2016  (S.B. 1890) which creates a federal cause of action for trade secret misappropriation.  The DTSA will go into immediate effect when signed by the President in the near future.

April 27, 2016
The House passes the MTB Reform Bill.  Passage through the Senate expected in May.

April 19, 2016
Census and Commerce NPRM on the FTR: clarification on filing requirements.

April 12, 2016
CBP announces date for the West Coast Symposium. May 25-26, 2016, in Phoenix, Arizona. 

March 1, 2016
Criminal complaint in US v. Kuyumcu brought for an EAR99 chemical that the exporter shipped to Turkey.  The DOJ asserts that circumstantial facts establish the exporter knew the goods would be re-exported to Iran.

February 29, 2016
FRN: ACE announced as the Sole CBP-Authorized EDI System Electronic Entry and Entry Summary Filings.

February 20, 2016
CAFC decision in Lexmark International v. Impression Products, Inc.  upholds the no exhaustion holding of Jazz Photo.  

February 12, 2016
CIT denies garlic importers bond sufficiency request for a preliminary injunction in Premier Trading v US.

Article on "straw-man" Auto Export Arbitrage

February 11, 2016
Conference Report:  Senate passes the Customs Re-Authorization Bill.  (including provisions for ADD/CVD enforcement, drawback simplification and  increasing the de minimis value from $200 to $800.)

February 8, 2016
TPP signed by member nations; must now be ratified by each.

February 7, 2016
 Transitional Timeline re: ACE Implementation

January 29, 2016
Strike announced in NY/NJ; ports shut down.

January 28, 2016
DDTC exercises its authority under 22 CFR 126.3 to waive the requirement under 22 CFR 123.22(a)(1) for exporters to deposit permanent export licenses with CBP prior to filing in the Automated Export System (AES) or ACE. 

January 26, 2016
The new US policy on Cuba announced in Rule changes published by BIS and OFAC.

January 11, 2016
OFAC's Cyber-Related Sanctions policy published.

January 10, 2016
Customs announces that the San Francisco Center for Excellence and Expertise for Apparel, Footwear and Textiles has been expanded to interface with over 67,000 importers.

January 1, 2016
OFAC issues rule creating a cyber-related sanctions program that implements Executive Order 13694 of April 1, 2015 ("EO 13694").  The "cyber sanctions" will target persons involved in malicious cyber activities threatening U.S. national security, foreign policy, or economic health or financial stability. 


December 28, 2015
BIS proposal to revise policy guidance on enforcement of EAR.

December 14, 2015
FMC issues shipping act fines against 7 firms.

December 5, 2015
CAFC decision in Nitek: CBP must articulte a level of culpability in the pre-penalty notice and notify the importer of any changes to that culpability level in the final penalty claim. 

November 17, 2015
Andrew Ceresney, SEC Director of the Division of Enforcement, announces that “going forward, a company must self-report misconduct in order to be eligible for the Division to recommend” a non-prosecution agreement (NPA) or deferred prosecution agreement (DPA).

November 24, 2015
Port Guidance for AES FTR penalties

November 5, 2015
Full Text of the TransPacific Partnership Released (TPP).

October 28,2015
Customs proposes elimination of hybrid entries.

October 26, 2015
HMF/MPF increases proposed in Congress.

October 20, 2015
Canadian CARM (CBSA Assessment and Revenue Management) ALR (Accounts Receivable Ledger) to be effective January 25, 2016.

October 15, 2015
Registration opens for CBP Symposium (Baltimore Nov. 4-5). 

October 14, 2015
Interim Final Rule on ACE Deployment published to the Federal Register.

October 9, 2015
Yates Memo: DOJ Guidance on Accountability of Individuals for Corporate Fraud

October 7, 2015
Customs issues ruling on "television cameras" - potentially subject to judicial review.

October 6, 2015
Lumber Liquidators Lacey Act settlement.  Total fines: $10 million.

October 5, 2015
TPP negotiations conclude and the USTR unveils it's new website for the agreement.

September 30, 2015
CBP's Trade Symposium scheduled for November 3-4 in Baltimore, MD. Details to come.

September 18, 2015
Federal Register final rule modifying CBP's enforcement of IP rights includes CBP providing limited information on suspect shipments to rights holders before the merchandise is detained.

September 17, 2015
Senate Customs Re-authorization add provision requiring Commerce to apply CVD against currency manipulators.  (After mid-August devaluation actions by China & Vietnam).

September 16, 2015
Customs Bulletin (Vol. 49, No. 37) ruling actions on: Classification of Plastic McQueen Car and Cup, Certain Blind Rivet Nuts, Footwear From China, Emergency Roadside Kits, and the Origin Marking of Certain Boxes of Tissues.

September 15, 2015
When interviewed, Senator Hatch (R-Utah) indicates belief that the House Republicans will find a way to support the Misc. Tariff Bill reform efforts.

September 14, 2015
BIS's Final Rule expands the scope of License Exceptions: Support for the Cuban People (SCP) and Aircraft, Vessels and Spacecraft (AVS); corrects License Exceptions: Consumer Communications Devices (CCD) & Agricultural Commodities (AGR).  

OFAC Final Rule on Cuba, and an FAQ.

September 10, 2015
FSMA rules released by the FDA are viewed by the agency as "critical linchpins" to create preventive controls for human and animal food.

September 9, 2015
DOJ memo on Individual Accountability for Corporate Wrongdoing

September 5, 2015
SB 633 amends California's "Made in USA" standard to roughly align with the federal standard administered by the FTC.  See, Section 17533.7 of the Business and Professions Code.

September 3, 2015
Customs Ruling on "C/X" Plywood.  HQ H256797, May 28, 2015.

September 2, 2015
Lacy Act Enforcement Schedule for Phase V items.

August 30, 2015
OEHHA announces hearings on October 14th to discuss the repeal/amendment of Lead thresholds (MADLs). Written comments due October 28th.  See, OEHHA's draft language.

August 25, 2015
DOC's scope memorandum finding Streamlight's Head Sink Parts for LED Lamps within the Aluminum Extrusions Order serves to highlight the complexity of the current scope analysis.

August 15, 2015
Textile & Apparel enforcement branch contact: Trade Bulletin 2015-13

August 13, 2015
Reminder: Effective March 1, 2013, both CBP & ICE are using the DOJ website as notice to the public that property has been seized and is subject to forfeiture.  

August 11, 2015
OEHHA intent to list CMNP (Pyrazachlor) and Sedaxane 

August 7, 2015
PHMSA Lithium Battery Regulations published to the Federal Register.

August 6, 2015
Post Summary Corrections (PSCs) and Post Entry Amendments (PEAs) now provide for inclusion of missing invoices. CSMS #15-000521 

August 5, 2015
July TPP talks marked by disagreement.  Other concerns include secrecy & concerns over foreign suits (ala the arbitrated case in Methanex v. US).

August 2, 2015
FDA presentation on Voluntary Qualified Importer Program (VQIP)

July 30, 2015
SF Drawback Guidance: (1) Preparation of Drawback Applications, and (2) Drawback Claims and Common Errors.

July 26, 2015
WTO agreement on ITA2 provides for the staged expansion of duty-free technology products around the world.

July 25, 2015
FCC to propose revisions to RF device regulations.

July 24, 2015
ACE: Deployment E information update.

July 23, 2015
The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) on Iran published by the White House. 

July 23, 2015
OEHHA announces that it will not proceed with a listing process for "furfural" due to inadequate EPA documents.  (Note, "furfuryl alcohol" is still to be listed).

July 22, 2015
OEHHA notice issued re: the addition of Furfuryl alcohol to Prop 65 list.

("Used to produce furan resins, as a chemical intermediate in the synthesis of other chemicals, and as a solvent in textile printing and alkaline paint strippers. Formed in foods during thermal processing and as a result of the dehydration of sugars.")

July 20, 2015
As a result of GSP renewal, CBP issues FAQ on refunds.  For entries where no SPI indicator was filed against shipments imported after the lapse period, affirmative refund requests must be filed by December 28, 2015.  Port of Portland notice.

July 15, 2015
Trade to Iran to open following 'nuclear deal'.

July 14, 2015
9th Circuit False Claims Act decision in U.S. ex rel. Hartpence v. Kinetic Concepts overturns "original source" precedent relating to pre-2010 relator claims.  (In 2010, the FCA amended to remove the “direct” knowledge requirement.)

July 7, 2015
ECHA proposes 15 new substances to the EU REACH list. 

July 6, 2015
SEC Proposes Frank-Dodd Rule for exchange standards requiring "claw backs” of incentive-based executive compensation where materially incorrect financial statements are restated.

July 3, 2015
ITC Report: Shifts in Merchandise Trade

July 2, 2015
CBP to assist US Exporters who have issued with foreign Customs re: Tariff Classification and Valuation.  80 Fed Reg. 34924 (June 18, 2015).

July 1, 2015
Seattle Split Arrival/Entry Information for ACE Shipments.

June June 30, 2015
President Obama provides exclusion from denied party rules for certain hostage ransom payments.

June 29, 2015
President Obama signs the Trade Preferences Extension Act of 2015.

June 27, 2015
TSN letter requesting extension of ACE mandatory filing date past November.

June 26, 2015
BIS and DOJ announce prosecution and plea bargain in WI case involving the export of luxury vehicles.  Among the charges: wire fraud and false AES statements.

June 25 2015
WCO publishes Guide to Valuation and Transfer Pricing

June 22, 2015
Cargo handling requirements for ATCET Exams at LALB Seaport.

June 18, 2015
A visual explanation of the 'single window'.

June 15, 2015'
ICTSI proposes legislation to amend the National Labor Relations Act to prevent disruptions in west coast ports.

June 12, 2015
House Democrats kill the TAA (Trade Adjustment Assistance); which is intended to indirectly block the TPA (Trade Promotion Authority).

June 10, 2015
AGOA passed the House 397-32 under H.R. 1295, the Trade Preference Extension Act, which will now require reconciliation with the Senate version prior to Presidential signature.  Trade legislation vote expected TPA and TAA in House on Friday.  GSP to be retroactive & extended until Dec 31, 2017.

June 3, 2015
Air Manifest Transition to ACE:  ACS AMS shuts down on June 6, 2015.  The ACE will become the system of record for Air Manifests on June 7, 2015.     

May 26, 2015
Cert denied in Trek Leather/Shadadpuri case. CAFC decision upholding liability of corporate officers will stand.  

May 21, 2015
Prop 65: Aloe Vera and Goldenseal to be listed as carcinogens.

May 15, 2015
Customs announces Broker Known Importer Program (BKIP).  CSMS notice.

May 14, 2015
Senate passes AGOA, GSP, Haiti (H.R. 1295) and the Customs Reauthorization (H.R. 644).  H.R. 1295 includes tariff revisions for (1) Specialized Athletic Footwear and (2) Recreational Performance Outerwear.

May 13, 2015
The NYT discusses recent trade cases standing at the intersection of our 1st and 2nd Amendments.

May 12, 2015
Democrats block Obama's TPA; endanger TPP.

May 12, 2015
District Court in DC (Jae Shik Kim) builds on 9th Circuit precedent (Cotterman) invalidating comprehensive border search of laptop without reasonable suspicion. Follows Riley v California (2014) in which a cell phone search was invalidated.

May 12, 2015
WCO publishes the correlation tables relevant to the 2017 Tariff amendments.  

May 11, 2015
Following the ruling in the ACC case, the OEHHA adds bisphenol A (BPA) (CAS No. 80-05-7) to the Proposition 65 list.  Be aware that other restrictions exist, a non-exhaustive list includes: CA, CT, DE, MA, MD, ME, MN, NY, VT, WA, WI, the EC and France.

May 5, 2016

Resource Guide for the CA Transparency in Supply Chains Act

May 4, 2015
Simplified Processes on Post-Release: PHASE II  Summary released.   

May 1, 2015
Next ISF enforcement phase begins May 15:  penalty actions to be issued by local ports without HQ review and approval.  Also, ISF Webinar.

April 29, 2015
DoJ files suit against Michaels for CPSC violations and misleading statements.

April 24, 2015
Customs West Coast Symposium registration opens.  Location:Tacoma, WA.

April 23, 2015
Customs Reauthorization Bill markups approved by Senate Finance Committee. Also approved: 3 bills granting (1) Presidential TPA authority, (2) retroactive GSP, and (3) a 10 year AGOA renewal.  

April 17, 2015
China's State Administration on Tax (SAT) issues Circular 698 to crack down on tax avoidance strategies.

April 16, 2015
OEHHA to hold next Prop 65 Carcinogen Identification Meeting on Oct 14, 2015. 

April 12, 2015
Summary: ACE implementation, re: Nov 1 deadline.

April 10, 2015
FDA publishes REMS modifications for pharmaceutical industry.

April 3, 2015
The Fed publishes an academic paper discussing the magnified role of trade finance during times of financial instability.

April 2, 2015
USTR's 2015 NTE Report on Foreign Trade Barriers released today.

April 1, 2015
CSMS #15-000195 announces that 3 Centers for Excellence and Expertise (CEEs) will be delegated trade authority for post-entry release processes for applicable tariff lines at certain ports.

March 31, 2015
Customs announces a date and place (May 27/ Washington State) for the West Coast Trade Symposium.

March 30, 2015
CBP reminds that brokers should follow CSMS 15-000018 concerning ACE eBond issues to avoid entry rejections.

March 25, 2015
Record penalties ($232.7 Million) announced by the DoJ for company's violation of the U.S. sanctions of Iran and Sudan under the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (IEEPA).

March 24, 2015
Customs and Border Protection Commissioner R. Gil Kerlikowske discusses the accomplishments with trade in 2014.

March 15, 2015
CIT decision in JBLU holds that goods bearing marks pending trademark registration and having geographic references to "USA" do not qualify for the less stringent COO marking requirements of 19 CFR 134.47.

March 1, 2015
CIT decision in DigiDesign v. US impacts the classification analysis of 'units' of ADP machines.

February 23, 2015
Ovan Int'l, Ltd. v. United States: the CIT sets a higher bar to filing legally valid administrative protests.

February 20, 2015
Distillers subject to private suits for labeling violations ('prohibitive practices') pursuant to 21 C.F.R. 7.29.  California Unfair Competition claims also apply.

February 19, 2015
The President of the United States signs an executive order: STREAMLINING THE EXPORT/IMPORT PROCESS FOR AMERICA'S BUSINESSES. ITDS to be introduced in AES.

February 18, 2015
Mexico's licensing program expanded from footwear to additionally include textiles and apparel.

February 16, 2015
Kwo Lee v US: CIT grants injunction against CBP imposing heightened bonding where IOR had previously obtained a lower ADD rate under a New Shipper Review. 

February 13, 2015
The staggering impact of the west coast port's slow down.

February 12, 2015
Proposed amendments to Prop 65 would require specific labeling of a dirty dozen: acrylamide, arsenic, benzene, cadmium, carbon monoxide,
chlorinated tris, formaldehyde, hexavalent chromium, lead, mercury, methylene chloride, and phthalates.

February 11, 2015
COAC meets in San Francisco; broker bona fide issue still under discussion.

February 7, 2015
Aluminum Extrusions fraud results in prison sentences.

February 6, 2015
AD/CVD on Solar panels continued.  Summary article.

February 5, 2015
President of the PMA explains the context of labor west coast negotiations. 

February 4, 2015
Supreme Court holds that the "first sale" doctrine in copyright (this is not about customs valuation) applies to work produced abroad.  This reverses circuit court precedent to the benefit of "grey market" importers.  NYT summary.

January 26, 2015
F&WS publishes ITDS Notice and opens for volunteers.

January 20, 2015
Canadian Customs addresses price reductions in Notice 15-001; see background in Hudson Bay Co. v CBSA.

January 16, 2015
Impact of the port slowdown on imports and exports in the news.

January 15, 2015
ITC's change record, setting forth certain tariff changes effective since Jan 1, 2014.

January 11, 2015
Heather Jacobson's presentation to the Florida Bar: Import 101.

January 5, 2015
USTR explains aspirations of the Obama administration for the TPP.

January 3, 2015
Heather Jacobson presents an Import Law CLE program to the Florida Bar on January 12.

January 1, 2015
ITC gives notice of ADD/CVD investigations against melamine products from China and Trinidad and Tabago.


December 23, 2014
LA Updated Field Office Procedures for FDA Refused Merchandise.

December 20, 2014
President Obama opens diplomatic ties with Cuba, and eases travel and trade restrictions.  (For a history on the embargo, see this backgrounder by the Council of Foreign Relations.) 

December 19, 2014
OEHHA proposes to adopt Prop 65 No Significant Risk Level (NSRL) of 146 micrograms/day for diisononyl phthalate (DINP).

December 17, 2014
Todd Owen promoted to Assistant Commissioner of Field Operations. John Wagner named the permanent deputy assistant commissioner.

December 9, 2014
Heather Jacobson to train attorneys on "Import101" through on January 12 in Orlando.

December 3, 2014
Joshua Kurland of the DOJ remarks that the CAFC decision in Trek Leather shouldn't result in a significant change in practice against middle managers and other "peripheral actors".

December 2, 2014
Considerations in Related Party Customs Valuation, American Conference Institute, San Francisco, Matt Nakachi 

Nov 22, 2014
OEHHA publishes comments received in response to proposed regulatory actions on Prop 65.

Nov 19, 2014
Decision in Paz v Ag Adriano Goldschmeid, Inc. et al (holding that California's "Made in USA"  law is not preempted by the federal law).  Decision appears to carve a safe labeling mechanism for goods “Made in U.S.A. of imported fabric and components.”

Nov 18, 2014
CBP CSMS 14-00598 on valid / invalid NAFTA Certificates of Origin.

Nov 10, 2014
US & China reach agreement paving the way forward for the expansion of the Information Technology Agreement (ITA).

Nov 7, 2014
Portwest seeks and obtains positive ruling on proposed first sale transactions.

Nov. 5, 2014
CBP's outreach webinar of Oct. 15 for importers and the trade community.  Note: All entries and entry summaries to be filed in ACE by Nov 1, 1015.

Nov 1, 2014
CBP Pipeline notice (Newark) on post importation claims for all preferential trade agreements.  Also see our prior posts on this subject (Aug 12 & Aug 21).

October 25, 2014
Matt Nakachi to speak to the Foreign Trade Association in November on Complex Valuation.

October 20, 2014
Judge Pogue issues preliminary injunction against CBP's STB requirement for an importer of Chinese Garlic.

October 15, 2014
Joel Junker one of a handful of respected attorneys invited by the Court to speak at the 18th Annual Judicial Conference in New York.

October 4, 2014
Russia terminated from the GSP.

October 2, 2014
Remarks of Asst. AG Leslie Caldwell (Criminal Division) at 22nd Annual Ethics & Compliance Conf.

September 29, 2014
Between Meridian Products LLC v. US, Slip Op 14-32, and Rubbermaid Commercial Prods. LLC v. U.S., Slip Op. 14-113, the scope of what constitutes a "finished good" under the Aluminum Extrusions order is unclear.

September 20, 2014
J&N presentation on the rising 'Era of Enforcement'

September 16, 2014
CAFC decision in Trek Leather provides liability under 1592(a) against a corporate owner for the "introduction" of goods.

September 14, 2014
Census interim final rule on FTR re: carnets, etc.

September 10, 2014
Custom's releases version 2.0 of the C-TPAT User Manual

September 8, 2014
New APHIS website allows paper filers to submit electronic Lacey Act declarations.

September 3, 2014

Read about the DOJ's False Claims Act case against Samsung for Origin violations.

August 28, 2014
CBP's ex-Internal Affairs Chief speaks openly on NPR on corruption.

August 21, 2014
CBP publishes side-by-side of FTA/preference programs inclusive of new 1520(d) guidance.

August 14, 2014
Government says its working on extension of Carnet exemption from EEI (which expires Oct 2).

August 12, 2014
Customs Policy on post-importation claims related to entries under Trade Preference Programs.

August 6, 2014
Actual text of Customs' draft revisions to First Sale ICP.

August 1, 2014
Stats from ITC report: 42 new AD and 14 new CV investigations in 2013.  Learn more about AD/CV from J&N in Seattle on August 12.

July 28, 2014
US & EU agree to escalate economic sanctions against Russia.

July 25, 2014
State Department's Passport database crashes.

July 21, 2014
US and Canada announce 'Beyond the Border Action Plan'

July 15, 2014
Riddell v. US: CAFC classifies football jerseys" under heading 6114, not as "football equipment" of 9506.

July 10, 2014
Customs updates classification ICP on tires

July 7, 2014
Matt Nakachi co-presents on Focused Assessments with Elizabeth Chiavetta (Director Audit; Policy HQ); Junichi Gondai (Auditor SF) and Alexander Ebarle (Asst. Field Director).

July 3, 2014
Customs proposes revocation of 67 rulings on textile costumes.

June 28, 2014
The 6th round of EU-US trade talks for the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) begins in Brussels next month.  Read more about the TTIP.

June 24, 2014
FDA provides further guidance and on Nanotechnology. See FDA's fact sheet with links to all publications on the topic.

June 19, 2014
Supreme court rules of the patent eligibility of software in Alice Corp. v. CLS Bank International, 573 U.S. __, 134 S. Ct. 2347 (2014).  See, Wiki summary.

June 10, 2014
Port of SF: live entry requirements on fresh garlic.

June 2, 2014
FTC's complaint finds false statements of Origin in "TRULY MADE IN THE USA” claims.

May 27, 2014
Customs clarifies AGOA textile regulations.  79 FR 30355

May 15, 2014
CBP announces the addition of 3 additional agencies (FDA, FWS, NMFS) to the Commercial Targeting and Analysis Center (CTAC) in an effort to increase safety of US imports.

May 14, 2014
Matt Nakachi covers Federal Investigations at the CBFANC Attorney Roundtable event.

May 7, 2014
Matt Nakachi invited to discuss Trade Compliance in Mergers & Acquisitions at the WTI-NC. 

April 15, 2014
Sony v. US Mandate returns from CAFC.  Importers of digital cameras with dual video/still capability should contact Matt Nakachi.

April 2, 2014
FDA has released a new guidance on the labeling of honey and honey products. The agency reminds that honey is inspected for adulteration with cane or corn sugars, as well as, residues of chloramphenicol and fluoroquinolones. Comments are due by June 9, 2014. See: 79 Fed. Reg. 19620 (Apr. 9, 2014).

March 27, 2014
Court clarifies the finished goods scope exemption for Aluminum Extrusions from China. See, Meridian Products (CIT).

March 10, 2014
AD/CVD case in MSG from China results in some cases in retroactive duties in excess of 400%.

March 7, 2014  
Gil Kerlikowske confirmed as Commissioner of Customs; he holds an extensive law enforcement background, including 8 years as Seattle's Chief of Police and tenure as the US Drug Czar since 2009. He replaces acting Commissioner, Thomas S. Winkowski.

March 6, 2014
Customs budget 2015 request provides for an additional 2,000 officers.

March 1, 2014
Dodd-Frank difficulties exposed as IPIS report shows 200 mines in the Congo involved with the army and 265 others involved with armed militias.

Feb. 20, 2014
Executive Order to Simplify Government by Implementing ITDS by 2016.

Feb. 10, 2014
BIS Proposes to Reform Routed Export regulations.

Feb. 08, 2014
Court Decision Remands DOC to reconsider ADD Novelty Candle Exception.

Feb. 01, 2014
Declaratory judgement sought in auto export case.



Copyright 2014, 2015 Junker & Nakachi, P.C.  All rights reserved.

WTO agreement on Information Technology Agreement (ITA) provides for the staged expansion of duty free technology products.


New developments are a piece of the puzzle.

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